OSLO: NATO’s Vilnius summit in July should give approval for Sweden to become a member of the organization, Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Stoere told foreign correspondents in Oslo on Monday.
Sweden’s path to NATO membership
Here you will find information about what Sweden’s path to NATO membership involves. You can also read about why Sweden has applied for NATO membership and what NATO membership will mean for Sweden.
Why has Sweden applied for NATO membership?
It is the Government’s assessment that joining NATO is the best way for Sweden to protect its security. The decision was taken in the light of the fundamentally changed security situation following Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine.
The decision was preceded by a report (Ds 2022:7) by the cross-party working group appointed by the Government to review the changed security situation following Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine.
What does Sweden’s status of invitee country entail?
Until all NATO countries have ratified Sweden’s application for NATO membership, it has the status of invitee country. Sweden is now gradually being integrated into NATO’s structures.
As an invitee country, Sweden participates in all aspects of NATO activities except for matters concerning nuclear weapons within the framework of the Nuclear Planning Group. As a NATO Invitee, Sweden does not have the right to vote.
What economic impact will NATO membership have on Sweden?
As a NATO member, Sweden will be expected to provide staff to NATO’s political and military structures. Moreover, Sweden will be expected to contribute approximately SEK 600–700 million per year to NATO’s common budget.
It is also the stated target that the organisation’s members commit a minimum of 2 per cent of GDP to defence spending, in accordance with NATO’s Defence Investment Pledge that was adopted at NATO’s Wales Summit in 2014. Sweden continues to invest in defence and will reach NATO’s current level of 2 per cent of GDP by 2026.
NATO members also aim to allocate at least 20 per cent of defence spending for defence material and research and development.
Which countries have so far ratified Sweden’s Accession Protocol for NATO membership, and when?
5 July 2022: Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway
6 July 2022: Estonia, United Kingdom
7 July 2022: Albania
8 July 2022: Germany
12 July 2022: Netherlands, Luxembourg
13 July 2022: Bulgaria
14 July 2022: Latvia, Slovenia
15 July 2022: Croatia
20 July 2022: Lithuania, Poland
21 July 2022: Belgium, Romania
27 July 2022: North Macedonia
28 July 2022: Montenegro
2 August 2022: France
3 August 2022: Italy, United States
27 August 2022: Czech Republic
15 September 2022: Greece
16 September 2022: Portugal
21 September 2022: Spain
27 September 2022: Slovakia
4 April 2023: Finland
The timeline above indicates the date of ratification by NATO Allies. To take effect, ratification instruments must be deposited with the United States Government.